Globalization’s Impact on the Right to Development

If according to the article 2 of Declaration on the Right to Development, human person is the central subject of development and should be the active participant and beneficiary of the right to development; all human beings have a responsibility for development…..and they should therefore promote and protect an appropriate political, social and economic order for development; and states have the right and the duty to formulate appropriate national development policies that aim at the constant improvement of the well-being of the entire population and of all individuals (Declaration on the Right to Development, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 41/128 of 4 December 1986), then is globalization a helpful or harmful force for the achieving RTD for individuals and nations?

I think that the concept of Right to Development, which requires origination and active participation by the people, societies and countries, somewhat collides with the concept of globalization which requires integration of economies, societies and their cultures that may not be indigenous to the people and may even directly conflict with their development goals. Margot E. Salomon states, “In this era of globalization that seeks to provide for an international environment conducive to the further accumulation of wealth by the wealthy through the expansive tendencies of global capital, the right to development demands international cooperation under law for the creation of a structural environment favorable to the realization of basic human rights, for everyone.” (Implementing the Right to Development – The Role of International Law, Stephen P. Marks, Harvard School of Public Health, Chapter 1, P. 17) To formulate national development policies with active people participation requires nation and people centric agenda which discourages accumulation of wealth by few in a globalized environment. Amy Chua states that the prevailing view among globalization’s supporters is that markets and democracy are a kind of universal prescription for the multiple ills of underdevelopment (World on Fire, P. 8). I would, however, think that such globalization agenda needs to integrate the aspirations and objectives of the people and countries of the developing world as well, without which we may experience dominant minority’s economic and social rule which may lead to majority’s disliking towards globalization. The concept and process of RTD seeks equal ground for developing nations at international stage and for globalization to become conducive to RTD, it must resonate the view of the developing world. I would agree with Uvin that the concept of RTD is politically weak and sometimes contradictory to the principles of globalization. Classic example can be Endorois Welfare Council vs. Kenya case where Endorois people’s RTD collided against the game reserve.

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